Ministers have publicly named 48 employers that have paid their workers less than the minimum wage.
The BBC reoprts that the companies owe workers a total of £162,000 and face fines of £67,000.
The companies sanctioned include some household names including French Connection, Foot Locker and a branch of hairdressing chain Toni and Guy.
Fashion retailer French Connection UK, London, failed to pay almost £16,500 to 367 workers, while Freedom Sportsline - trading as Foot Locker - owes more than £16,700 to 601 employees.
All the accused companies have 28 days to respond to the allegations.
Toni and Guy said: "As a company with over 400 salons globally under its brand umbrella, we do not condone any kind of mishandling of staff wages. Once made aware, the franchisee resolved the issue swiftly."
A spokesman for French Connection said the underpayments were regrettable but the amounts were small in most cases.
In October 2013 the Government revised rules allowing it to publicly name companies that have been found to breach wage laws.
Since that time, a total of 210 companies have been accused of wage theft, after investigations by HMRC.
In total, those firms owe some £635,000 to workers, as well as fines of nearly £248,000.
Employers who fail to pay the appropriate wages can face fines of up to £20,000, as well as criminal prosecution.
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