Biggest oil spill fine in Russian history
A subsidiary of the Russian private oil firm LUKoil (LUKoil-Komi), has been fined for nine oil spills that occurred in Russia's Northern Republic of Komi since 2011.
The firm was reported to potentially face an additional fine of 96 million rubles (£1.76 million) from the Komi's forestry committee.
The oil spills were said to cover an area between 20.5 and 21 hectares of land, although this is a conservative estimate as historically reporting of spills in the area was poor.
Although LUKoil-Komi claimed to have spent 15 million rubles (£274, 586) on re-cultivating the polluted land, the court ruled the measures to be insufficient.
Greenpeace and local activists have reported on the environmental pollution, cultural impacts, economic disruption and health issues that are caused by oil exploration within Komi and the broader Arctic and sub Arctic region.
The incidence of cancer in some regional villages was reported to be 50 percent higher than in 2000, respiratory illnesses amongst children and teenagers to be twice as high and the average life expectancy to be 58 years compared to the national average of 70.
Find out more about Russia's oil spill crises in Greenpeace's report entitled "Black Ice."
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