Survival International has called a travel boycott of Botswana due to the treatment of indigenous Bushmen communities.
The Central Kalahari Game Reserve in Botswana was created to protect the traditional territory of 5,000 Gana, Gwi and Tsila Bushment, we well as the game they depend on. But in the early 1980s diamonds were found in the reserve. Since then, virtually all the Bushmen living there have been forced out, in three big clearances that took place in 1997, 2002 and 2005. Their homes were dismantled, their school and health post were closed, their water supply was destroyed and the people were threatened and trucked away.
Bushmen have twice successfully appealed their eviction in court. The judges described the Bushmen’s plight as ‘a harrowing story of human suffering and despair.’ But the Botswannan government has tried to make their return to the reseve impossible according to the campaign, including by cementing over the Bushmen's only water borehole.