In November 2020 Ethical Consumer searched Walmart's website for the company's policy on animal testing.

No such document, nor any mention of one, could be found. The company sold many store-brand cosmetic, toiletry and household products which may have been tested on animals. The company also sold other brands that were known to be tested on animals such as L'Oreal.
In the absence of a policy stating otherwise, Ethical Consumer considered it likely that Walmart was retailing products tested on animals and the company received Ethical Consumer's worst rating and lost a full mark in the Animal Testing category.

Reference:

https://www.walmart.com (21 January 2019)

In December 2019, Ethical Consumer downloaded Asda's 'Animal Welfare' policy from the company's sustainability website. This stated:

"We are opposed to testing on animals and do not conduct or commission such tests on our own brand beauty, toiletry or household products. We do not commission our suppliers or any other third party to carry out such test. We operate a fixed cut-off for animal testing of ingredients of 31st December 2009 for cosmetic products and 31st December 2015 for cleaning products. Where animal testing is required by law (e.g. for food safety purposes), we require that these are carried out in line with applicable regulation." A questionnaire response received in July 2019 also stated "We don't test any of our own brand beauty, toiletry or household products on animals. In fact, we haven't tested any of the ingredients in our cosmetics products on animals since 31st December 2009, or cleaning products since 31st December 2015."

However, the policy only covered own-brand products. Asda was found to retail products from companies known to test on animals, such as L'Oreal and Pfizer (Anadin), on its website. The company therefore received Ethical Consumer's middle rating for Animal Testing and lost half a mark in this category.

Reference:

https://sustainability.asda.com (21 January 2019)

When viewed by Ethical Consumer in November 2020 the Asda website displayed a number of meat products that were not labelled as free range or organic. Therefore the company lost a whole mark in the Animals Rights and Factory Farming categories.

Reference:

https://groceries.asda.com/ (21 January 2019)

In November 2020, the Walmart website displayed a large number of meat products not labelled as free range or organic. The company lost a whole mark in the Factory Farming and Animal Rights subcategories.

Reference:

https://www.walmart.com (21 January 2019)

In December 2019, Ethical Consumer searched Asda's supplier and sustainability websites for information on the company's animal welfare policies. A questionnaire response received by Asda in July 2019 stated "Animal welfare - All leather, feathers and down used must be a by-product of the commercial food industry. Fois gras goose feathers and live plucking is not accepted. We do not order products containing angora yarns. We also do not use real fur, real fur pelts or any shell products. No George products are sourced from endangered species."

As it was a major clothing retailer, with a substantial part of its business selling slughterhouse by-products, it lost a full mark in the Animal Rights category.

Leather, as the hide of a dead animal, naturally decomposes. To prevent this decomposition the leather industry uses a cocktail of harmful chemicals including trivalent chromium sulphate, sodium sulphide, sodium sulfhydrate, arsenic and cyanide to preserve it. Tannery effluent also contains large amounts of other pollutants, such as protein, hair, salt, lime sludge and acids. These can all pollute the land, air, and watersupply making it a highly polluting industry. As a result the company also lost half a mark in the Pollution & Toxics category.

Reference:

Ethical Consumer Questionnaire (July 2019)