In November 2020 Ethical Consumer searched Walmart's website for the company's policy on animal testing.

No such document, nor any mention of one, could be found. The company sold many store-brand cosmetic, toiletry and household products which may have been tested on animals. The company also sold other brands that were known to be tested on animals such as L'Oreal.
In the absence of a policy stating otherwise, Ethical Consumer considered it likely that Walmart was retailing products tested on animals and the company received Ethical Consumer's worst rating and lost a full mark in the Animal Testing category.

Reference:

https://www.walmart.com (21 January 2019)

In November 2020, Ethical Consumer viewed Asda's Animal Testing policy on the company's website. This stated:

"At Asda, we don't test any of our own brand beauty, toiletry or household products on animals. In fact, we haven't tested any of the ingredients in our cosmetics products on animals since 31st December 2009, or cleaning products since 31st of December 2015."

However, the policy only covered own-brand products. Asda was found to retail products from companies known to test on animals, such as L'Oreal and Pfizer (Anadin), on its website. The company therefore received Ethical Consumer's Middle rating for Animal Testing and lost half a mark in this category.

Reference:

asda.com (2020)

When viewed by Ethical Consumer in November 2020 the Asda website displayed a number of meat products that were not labelled as free range or organic. Therefore the company lost a whole mark in the Animals Rights and Factory Farming categories.

Reference:

https://groceries.asda.com/ (21 January 2019)

In November 2020, the Walmart website displayed a large number of meat products not labelled as free range or organic. The company lost a whole mark in the Factory Farming and Animal Rights subcategories.

Reference:

https://www.walmart.com (21 January 2019)

In November 2020, Ethical Consumer viewed Asda's website and found that the company sold products that contained down/feathers through its own brand clothing and homeware label George; this was considered to constitute a substantial part of the company's business.

The George website contained a page on sustainability, which stated "all leather, feathers and down used must be a by-product of the commercial food industry. Fois gras goose feathers and live plucking is not accepted."

However, to avoid being marked down, Ethical Consumer required companies to use no down; to receive a middle rating, companies were required to adopt a certification standard that includes audits of parent farms, for example TDS/Down Codex. No evidence could be found that Asda had adopted a down standard.

According to campaign group Four Paws, animal suffering from the live plucking and force-feeding of geese and ducks was present in the general down supply chains. In order to avoid these practices, a company was expected to adopt a standard that would trace and audit their whole supply chain, including higher-risk parent farms, to ensure such cruelties were excluded. Four Paws had found that certificates and audit reports from suppliers themselves 'do not provide sufficient guarantees that animals have a cruelty free life.'

As the company had not adopted a down standard that included higher-risk parent farms, it lost a whole mark under Ethical Consumer’s Animal Rights category.

Reference:

asda.com (2020)

In In November 2020, Ethical Consumer viewed Asda's website and found that the company sold leather as a substantial part of its business, in particular through its own brand cloting label George.

The following statement was found: "All leather, feathers and down used must be a by-product of the commercial food industry. Fois gras goose feathers and live plucking is not accepted."

However, to avoid being marked down, Ethical Consumer required companies using leather to use organic, upcycled leather or nature dyes, or to source all leather from 100% gold LWG rated tanneries.

The company lost a whole mark under Ethical Consumer’s Animal Rights category. It also lost half a mark under the Pollution and Toxics category for the following reason: Leather, as the hide of a dead animal, naturally decomposes. To prevent this decomposition the leather industry uses a cocktail of harmful chemicals to preserve leather, including trivalent chromium sulphate, sodium sulphide, sodium sulfhydrate, arsenic and cyanide. Tannery effluent also contains large amounts of other pollutants, such as protein, hair, salt, lime sludge and acids. These can all pollute the land, air and water supply, making it a highly polluting industry.

Reference:

asda.com (2020)