In February 2020, Ethical Consumer viewed the Neal's Yard website and saw that it sold some cotton towels that were made from 100% certified organic cotton.

According to Anti-Slavery International (ASI) website viewed by Ethical Consumer in August 2018, Uzbekistan and Turkmenistan were two of the world’s largest exporters of cotton, and every year their governments forcibly mobilised over one million citizens to grow and harvest cotton.

The Organic Trade Association website, www.ota.com, stated in July 2018 that cotton covered roughly 2.78% of global arable land, but accounted for 12.34% of all insecticide sales and 3.94% of herbicide sales.

According to the International Service for the Acquisition of Agri-Biotech Applications (ISAAA), a non-profit pro biotech organisation, genetically modified cotton accounted for 80% of cotton grown in 2017.

As the company only used certified organic cotton, it likely to have avoided these issues; overall the company received Ethical Consumer's best rating for its cotton sourcing policy.

Reference:

www.nealsyardremedies.com (10 February 2020)

In February 2020, Ethical Consumer searched the Neal's Yard website. A page was found that included GMO's in a list entitled "10 ingredients we avoid & why". This was accompanied by an explanation:

"Not enough is known about the long-term implications. Many GM ingredients are designed to withstand high levels of pesticides, but we prefer to support organic farming, avoiding agrochemical traces and protecting wildlife. Look out for GM-free products."

This was considered to be a positive policy addressing a Controversial Technology.

Reference:

www.nealsyardremedies.com (10 February 2020)