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In November 2021 Ethical Consumer searched The Nature's Bounty's website for a policy on animal testing. No policy could be found.

The company did not appear to have published a Fixed Cut-Off date.

The website of its subsidiary company, Dr Organic, was viewed which stated "Our parent company Nature's Bounty, Dr. Organic and our sister company Optima do not test any of our products or raw materials on animals, and do not ask any third parties to test on our behalf. In the EU it is illegal to test on animals for the purposes of the cosmetic industry but as a global Brand we are committed to being cruelty free and will never test on animals". It also stated that it did not currently sell to mainland China due to the country's legal requirement for cosmetics to be tested on animals.

While this was considered positive, usually animal testing takes place at the supplier level. The company did not provide assurance about whether it had checked that its suppliers were not testing the ingredients they sold to the company had been tested on animals - rather it said that they were not tested on animals on its 'behalf'. As such there was no clear statement that none of the ingredients in its products had been tested on animals.

As The Nature's Bounty did not provide assurance that none of the ingredients in its products had been tested on animals, it received Ethical Consumer's worst rating for animal testing and lost a whole mark under the Animal Testing category.

Reference:

drorganic.co.uk (1 February 2021)

In November 2021 Ethical Consumer viewed KKR's website and found that it had investments in several biopharmaceuticals companies including BridgeBio Pharma, Coherus BioSciences and Slayback Pharma.

The pharmaceutical industry was required to use animal testing for safety testing.

As a result KKR lost half a mark under Animal Testing for its investments.

Reference:

www.kkr.com/businesses/kkr-portfolio (1 February 2021)

In November 2021 Ethical Consumer viewed the Upfield website. Its brands and products appeared to be primarily plant based.

Upfield was considered to have a positive approach to an animal rights issue in its transition towards a predominantly plant-based product and brand range.

However, it retailed some products that did contain animal products such as milk. For example, several Elmlea products contained milk and Flora Buttery contained buttermilk.

It did not appear to have policies to ensure that the dairy products it sold were not sourced from factory farmed cows. The only reference to animal welfare was found in the Upfield 2020 Materiality Assessment, and out of all issues listed animal welfare was considered of least 'importance to external' and 'internal stakeholders'.

As dairy was a core part of its business and it lacked welfare policies, Upfield lost a whole mark under Animal Rights and Factory Farming.

Reference:

upfield.com/ (1 April 2019)

In November 2021 Ethical Consumer viewed the Nature's Bounty website and saw that it retailed a number of different fish-oil products.

The website stated: "We source select fish oils in an ecologically friendly way, directly from Peru – just look for the Pure-Catch™ logo on out labels. We go to Peru because the Peruvian government has strict standards and governance on their surrounding waterways, to properly ensure the protection of the fish. Since Peruvian fisheries yield to spawning during the summer and winter seasons, fish are vital resources for Peru that they value greatly, and go above and beyond to protect. The fisheries in Peru also comply with stringent quality regulations, which ensure that we, at Nature’s Bounty, can deliver premium quality Omega-3 Fish Oil to our customers. You can trust that when we source our ingredients, we do our best to maintain the conservation of marine living resources. The Marine Research Institute (IMARPE), a recognized world-class authority, works with the Peruvian government to manage the controls of fish stock along their waterways. Small, effective fleets are used in the fishing process; and no facility is allowed to receive fish from vessels without a valid license. All catches in Peru are carefully reviewed to meet rigorous quality checks. That’s how we know for sure that our ingredients are the purest, freshest, and most ecologically sourced. Our Peruvian fish oil, is a premium, superior-quality fish oil for you and your family. Our trademarked Peruvian fish oil, Pure-Catch™ is a premium, superior-quality fish oil for you and your family."

The company lost half a mark under Animal Rights for retailing fish.

Reference:

www.naturesbounty.com/health-center/premium-superior-quality-fish-oil (1 February 2021)

In November 2021 Ethical Consumer viewed the KKR portfolio, available on the company's website.

It had previously stated (in August 2021) that the company invested in Cofco Meat. On the Cofco Meat website the company describes its business scope as: "Feed production, hog production, slaughtering, the production, distribution and sale of fresh pork and processed meat products, and the import and sale of frozen meat products." There was no mention of the animals being free range or organic.

The portfolio no longer listed Cofco Meat as an investment. This reference is for information only.

Reference:

www.kkr.com/businesses/kkr-portfolio (1 February 2021)