Meat-free Sausages & Burgers


Ethical shopping guide to vegetarian & vegan burgers & sausages, from Ethical Consumer

Ethical shopping guide to vegetarian & vegan burgers & sausages, from Ethical Consumer


This is a product guide from Ethical Consumer, the UK's leading alternative consumer organisation. Since 1989 we've been researching and recording the social and environmental records of companies, and making the results available to you in a simple format.

What exactly goes into a veggie burger or sausage? How do the companies behind the veggie brands rate on ethics?

 
This report includes:
 

  • Ethical and environmental ratings for 21 brands of meat-free sausages and burgers. 
  • Best buy recommendations 
  • What exactly goes into a 'meat-free' alternative 
  • We delve into the future of veggie sausages

 

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Our ratings are live updated scores from our primary research database. They are based on primary and secondary research across 23 categories - 17 negative categories and 6 positive ones (Company Ethos and Product Sustainability). Find out more about our ethical ratings

 

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Best Buys

as of May/June 2016


As our ratings are constantly updated, it is possible that company ratings on the score table may have changed since this report was written.


All of our best buys are vegan companies with explicit environmental agendas, and for this reason they score highly in our rating system. 
 

Our Best Buys are Veggies, Dragonfly, Taifun, VegiDeli and Fry’s

Of the widely available brands, Quorn and Cauldron just beat the other main brand, Linda McCartney although Linda McCartney has more vegan varieties. 

 


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Last updated: May/June 2016

 


Ethics of Veggie Burgers and Sausages

 


In this guide, we’ve covered ready-made vegetarian burgers and sausages that contain mycoprotein, soya, or other beans, and nuts. These are foods that might be considered alternatives to meat in that they are a source of protein. We haven’t covered the ones that are just vegetables in breadcrumbs, or dry packet mixes like Sosmix, although the companies in this guide may also make these and other meat-free products. 

 

top of burger bun



The ingredients
 

Quorn is the leading brand in the meat alternatives market in Britain. It is made of mycoprotein, which means protein from fungi (in this case based on a type of soil mould), grown in fermentation vats. Although the name ‘Quorn’ is trademarked, the patent on the mycoprotein itself expired a few years ago, so other companies can now make it under a different name if they wish. So far no one has wanted to.

As vegans will no doubt be aware, not all Quorn is vegan because egg white is used to bind the mycoprotein together. However, two vegan versions are now on sale in the UK, which use potato starch instead – frozen hot & spicy burgers and chicken style pieces.

In terms of ingredients across all brands, however, soya is still the number one choice. It is appealing because, unlike most other beans, it provides complete protein, containing all eight essential amino acids that we need. It has been eaten in Asia for thousands of years and was introduced to the rest of the world in the eighteenth and ninetieth centuries, but it didn’t catch on as a human food outside of Asia until much later. Read our feature 'Is Soya Sustainable?'. 

Strangely, none of the main types of meat alternatives were created for animal welfare reasons. Soya sausages were invented in Germany during the first world war as a way of dealing with meat shortages. Quorn was developed in the 1960s as part of a research drive to find new proteins, due to concerns about feeding the growing world population. 

 


bottom of burger bun

 

 


The veggie sausages of the future
 

Some people are experimenting with making meat alternatives out of lupin beans, sometimes called “the soya bean of the north”. They are also very high in protein, and they can grow in cooler climates than soya, which makes them better suited to Europe.  
 
 

lupin beans

 

Their aficionados claim that they are nutritionally and environmentally superior. At the moment lupin burgers are extremely niche and not included on the table, but can be bought online in places like boutique-vegan.com.

 

 


 

 

 

Which brands make vegan sausages and burgers?

 

  • Dragonfly - all products are vegan
  • Veggies - all products are vegan
  • Taifun - all products are vegan
  • Fry's - all products are vegan
  • Goodlife - Spicy Veg Beanburgers,Nut Burgers
  • VegiDeli - all products are vegan
  • Wicken Fen - Carrot & Coriander sausages, Tomato & Garlic sausages, Mushroom & Tarragon sausages
  • Quorn - Hot & Spicy frozen burgers
  • Linda McCartney - all sausages, plain burgers & quarter pound burgers
  • Waitrose
  • Sainsbury's
  • Lidl
  • Morrisons
  • ASDA

 

Vegan varieties are denoted by an [A] (for 'Animal Welfare') on the score table.

 


 


GM and Meat Substitutes

 

Soya is the most used GM crop around the world. However, replacing meat with soya-based alternatives would actually reduce your support for GM crops because the vast majority of GM soya is fed to livestock.

Consumer rejection has kept GM out of the vast majority of meat substitutes, and in the UK, food made with GM ingredients is legally required to say genetically modified on the label. But the use of GM animal feed does not have to appear on the label of the food it goes to produce. As a result, most non-organic meat, eggs and dairy products now come from animals reared on at least some GM feed.

 

This paragraph was written by Liz O'Neill from GM Freeze.

 


 

 


Which companies only sell vegan or veggie products?

 

Vegan companies: Veggies, Dragonfly, VBites (VegiDeli), Life Foods (Taifun) and Fry’s. 

Vegetarian companies: Goodlife and Weeks Foods (Wicken Fen). 

The other companies: Hain Celestial (Linda McCartney’s), Nestle (Tivall), Dr A. Stoffel Holding AG (Granovita), Monde Nissin (Quorn and Cauldron), and all the supermarkets, sell meat in addition to vegetarian and/or vegan options. 

We only included the supermarkets that do their own brand veggie burgers or sausages. (Co-op does not).

 


 


The ratings

 

Many of the companies on the table are small in terms of turnover. This means Ethical Consumer does not require them to have the type of well-developed environmental and supply-chain policies that we would expect of larger companies. They are also too small to do much tax avoidance, to be big political donors, or to pay their directors obscene sums of money. 

The big companies did not all fare so well, being marked down for, amongst other things: 

Likely use of tax avoidance strategies: Hain Celestial (Linda McCartney), Dr A Stoffel Holding (Granovita) & Nestle (Tivall)

Excessive directors pay: Hain Celestial & Nestle 

Political Donations: Hain Celestial (US Democrats) & Nestle (US Democrats and Republicans)

 


 

 

 
Company Behind the Brand

 

Hain Celestial produces the Linda McCartney brand. All Linda McCartney sausages and its plain burgers and 1/4 lb burgers are vegan.

Hain Celestial is a large American company that also produces a range of other food and healthcare products. 

It doesn’t do very well in our ratings. It is registered in Delaware, a tax haven, it uses some uncertified palm oil, and it has directors that earn over £1 million. We couldn’t get information on its soya sourcing.

Hain Celestial has just agreed a $7.5 million settlement to end an American class action lawsuit over it having allegedly falsely labelled products as organic. (Not its meat alternatives).[1]

 

Want to know more?

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References

 1 Newsday, 23/9/2015, Hain Celestial settles mislabelling lawsuit for nearly $10 million.

 


 

Read our 'Veggie vs Meat' feature which compares the environmental impact of meat production to veggie products. 
 


 

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