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Ethical Dog Food

Finding ethical and eco friendly dog food: ratings for 32 brands with recommended brands and what to avoid.

We rate the major dog food brands and also smaller eco friendly brands, and also look at vegan dog food, organic options, and the plight of animals that become dog food. We also shine a spotlight on the ethics of Nestlé which owns Lily's Kitchen, Winalot and Purina.

About Ethical Consumer

This is a shopping guide from Ethical Consumer, the UK's leading alternative consumer organisation. Since 1989 we've been researching and recording the social and environmental records of companies, and making the results available to you in a simple format.

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What to buy

What to look for when buying dog food:

  • Is it nutritionally complete? Look for whether a product is FEDIAF compliant and has the complete nutrition your dog needs.

  • Is it vegan? Vegan dog food is a way to help protect the environment as well as animal rights, and may be suitable if it contains all the nutrients your companion needs.

  • Is it organic? Organic dog food is a good way of avoiding most of the nasty chemicals that many agricultural products are grown with.

Best Buys

Benevo and Yarrah were the only brands offering vegan and organic dog food. V-Dog came close behind.

Recommended Buys

Hownd and Ami only missed out on being Best Buys due to lack of transparency on supply chain.

Yarrah's non-vegan options and Beco also scored highly.

Scrumbles is the highest scoring brand that is available in supermarkets.

What not to buy

What to avoid when buying dog food:

  • Does it contain palm oil? At its most unsustainable, palm oil is linked to massive deforestation and serious human rights violations. Look for brands that source palm oil sustainably or avoid it completely.

  • Is it packaged in plastic or individual pouches which aren’t recyclable? Avoid single use plastic or non-recyclable packaging, which is highly polluting.

  • Is the meat or fish used low welfare? Industrial animal farming is bad for animals, communities and workers, and the environment.

Companies to avoid

We advise avoiding the dog food brands owned by Nestlé, Mars, Colgate-Palmolive and Spectrum Brands.

Spectrum Brands also owns Good Boy treats, Mars owns Greenies dental sticks, and Nestlé owns Adventuros and Bonio treats, so we’d recommend avoiding those too.

  • Lily's Kitchen, Winalot, Bakers, Purina (Nestlé)
  • Cesar, Chappie, James Wellbeloved, Pedigree, Royal Canin (Mars)
  • Hill's Science Plan (Colgate-Palmolive)
  • Iams, Eukanuba (Spectrum Brands)

Score table

Updated live from our research database

← Swipe left / right to view table contents →
Brand Score(out of 100) Ratings Categories

Benevo vegan organic dog food [A,O]

Company Profile: Vegeco Ltd

V-Dog vegan dry [A]

Company Profile: Vegeco Ltd

Hownd vegan dog food [A]

Company Profile: Power Pet Brands Limited

Ami vegan pet food [A]

Company Profile: Ami Planet SRL

Beco dog food [S]

Company Profile: Wannabeco LTD

Yarrah Organic & Vegan Dog Food [A,O]

Company Profile: Yarrah Organic Petfood BV

Yarrah organic pet food with MSC fish [O, S]

Company Profile: Yarrah Organic Petfood BV

Yarrah Organic Dog Food [O]

Company Profile: Yarrah Organic Petfood BV

Yora insect dog food

Company Profile: Yora Pet Foods for the Planet Ltd

Scrumbles dog food

Company Profile: Scrumbles Ltd

Pooch & Mutt dog food

Company Profile: Pooch and Mutt Limited

Butternut Box dog food

Company Profile: Dogmates Ltd

Barking Heads dog food

Company Profile: Inspired Pet Nutrition Limited (was Wagg Foods Ltd)

Applaws dog food

Company Profile: MPM Products Ltd

Encore dog food

Company Profile: MPM Products Ltd

Hill's Science Plan Dog Food

Company Profile: Hill's Pet Nutrition Inc

Cesar Dog Food

Company Profile: Mars Petcare UK Ltd

Chappie Dog Food

Company Profile: Mars Petcare UK Ltd

Eukanuba dog food

Company Profile: Spectrum Brands Holdings Inc

Iams Dog Food

Company Profile: Spectrum Brands Holdings Inc

James Wellbeloved dog food

Company Profile: Mars Petcare UK Ltd

Pedigree dog food

Company Profile: Mars Petcare UK Ltd

Royal Canin dog food

Company Profile: Mars Petcare UK Ltd

Wafcol Dog Food

Company Profile: Armitages Pet Products Ltd

Lily's Kitchen organic pet food [O]

Company Profile: Lily's Kitchen Ltd

Lily's Kitchen pet food

Company Profile: Lily's Kitchen Ltd

Our Analysis

The companion animal food sector is booming, with new brands and different products appearing all the time. This guide covers adult dog food, although some of the brands also sell puppy food as well as supplementary treats and chews. We have included dry and wet food, but not raw meat brands or special diets, though raw meat diets are discussed in the guide.

In the UK 27% of adults in the UK share their home with a dog, totalling over 10 million dogs.

As well as toys, beds, medication, insurance, and many other things, our beloved companions need to eat. But while the furry ones in our homes are often members of the family, this can often come at the expense of other animals, workers, and the environment.

But the good news is that with over 30 brands in the guide, there are quite a few high-scoring brands for you and your dog to choose from. Caring for the animals in our lives can be done more ethically, with some companies doing better than others to address their impacts.

We highlight the difference between the top ethically sourced dog food, and the more well-known big brands who are very low scoring, and thus in the dog house.

Vegan dog food

Only 55% of people with a dog in the UK felt well informed about a dog's diet, according to the 2022 PDSA PAW report. This isn’t surprising, as there is so much conflicting marketing and information out there.

Nutrients needed by dogs

In terms of nutrients, the UK’s Pet Food Manufacturers Association endorses nutritionally complete vegan diets for dogs, and says that “nutrients that were previously only available from animal-based ingredients can now be made synthetically or be sourced from novel ingredients”.

There are a variety of ways to fulfil nutritional requirements from different sources, and the nutritional guidelines for dog food nutrition from FEDIAF (the European Pet Food Industry) are seen as a gold standard.

For some, nutrition is what matters most. One of the nutritionally complete vegan brands we rated says on its website,

“To those emphasising that a plant based diet is not natural for cats and dogs, please be reminded that in the wild cats do not hunt for tuna, just like dogs do not hunt for cows. Our aim is to offer our four-legged friends a diet that meets their nutritional needs.”

Evidence on health impacts of vegan dog food

A 2023 systematic evidence review titled, ‘The Impact of Vegan Diets on Indicators of Health in Dogs and Cats’, evaluated all of the research to date.

The researchers concluded, “that there has been limited scientific study on the impact of vegan diets on cat and dog health… However, there is little evidence of adverse effects arising in dogs and cats on vegan diets… Given the lack of large population-based studies, a cautious approach is recommended.”

Ultimately, assessing whether pet food is nutritious and healthy is more important than whether it contains meat or not. Needs may also change across a lifetime and as food sensitivities develop.

Companies at the top of our tables include those who produce vegan products as well as those who do not produce vegan products, so there should be something for everyone in this guide.

FEDIAF compliant dog food brands

According to FEDIAF’s code of good practice for labelling, if dog food is labelled as ‘complete’ then the product should meet all of the nutrients needed when given in the instructed amounts, and the diet does not need to be supplemented. Of the brands in our guide:

Nutritionally complete FEDIAF compliant products: Ami, Applaws, Benevo, Butternut Box, Encore, Hownd, Scrumbles, Yarrah, Yora.

Offers a complete product, but is not explicit on whether it is FEDIAF compliant: Bakers, Barking Heads, Beco, Cesar, Chappie, Iams, Lily’s Kitchen, Pooch & Mutt, V-Dog.

Product information says it is complete, but it is not labelled as complete pet food: James Wellbeloved, Royal Canin, Winalot.

Does not say: AATU, Eukanuba, Hill’s Science (“100% balanced and healthy” was not seen to count), Purina Pro Plan, Wafcol.

Are there any vegan dog food companies?

Several high-scoring companies in our guide not only make vegan dog food but are fully vegan.

Ami, Benevo, Hownd, and  V-dog, and are all vegan companies.

Yarrah makes vegan dog food but is not a vegan company.

The animals in dog food

For some, the conditions of farmed and other food animals will matter rather than avoiding animal products altogether. But the need to drastically reduce consumption and the problems arising from mainstream animal farming is indisputable, with implications for animals (including wild populations), the environment, biodiversity, and human rights.

Buying human-grade meat and fish products for cats and dogs is a rising trend, so it’s not only the case of using ‘leftovers’ or parts otherwise not consumed. Even if the majority of cat and dog food products are from ‘leftovers’, buying these (profitable) products still acts to feed the demand for meat and fish and support the livestock industry. According to 2020 figures, 94% of non-human mammal biomass on Earth is terrestrially farmed animals, and 71% of bird biomass is farmed poultry.

A study published in October 2023 and reported by The Guardian found that dogs consume 7.7% of all terrestrially farmed animals, excluding billions of aquatic animals. The research found that if all the world's dogs transitioned to a nutritionally sound vegan diet, this would feed an additional population the size of the EU and free up land mass the size of Mexico, among other environmental impacts.

Ethical trade-offs

The environmental impacts of global animal farming are well documented, as are the animal welfare consequences. Things become more complex when these two considerations are pitted against each other.

From an environmental perspective, poultry and fish species have a lower climate impact than cows and other ruminants. One of the companies we rated, Scrumbles, said that it only used chicken and fish in its products for this reason. However, meat chickens and aquatic animals are the most intensively farmed and killed groups of animals in terms of numbers, with dire consequences for the lives of those species, as well as human rights issues.

White chickens packed densely together
Image: Broiler chickens by Compassion in World Farming

Aquatic animals in dog food

Some dog food brands include multiple fish species in their products, and when compared to land animals, consuming aquatic species is often seen as better in terms of the environment and as a healthy option. But at what cost?

Alarmingly, a 2021 review about the global animal welfare risks in aquaculture found that only 30% of species used in aquaculture have known information regarding welfare needs, with 20 times the number of species used in aquaculture compared to farmed land animals (around 408 aquatic species). As aquatic animals are only reported by the Food and Agriculture Organisation in tonnes, it was calculated that this represents 250 to 408 billion animals. This only includes those who are farmed – there are also the animals fished from the wild.

Certifications for fish

Several brands in the guide offer Marine Stewardship Council (MSC) or Aquaculture Stewardship Council (ASC) certified fish products, including Yarrah, Scrumbles, and Beco.

A 2023 report from a three year project by Human Rights at Sea which investigated international certifications across fisheries and aquaculture found that MSC and ASC both scored 0 out of 16 criteria for human rights (with the exception of ASC’s seaweed and feed standards). Neither certification includes any criteria for animal welfare, either.

Although certifications are usually better than nothing, with no protections for human rights or for aquatic animal welfare in these certifications, MSC and ASC aren’t particularly ethical.

Wild caught versus farmed aquatics

It’s not straightforward comparing the ethics of farmed versus wild caught aquatic animals, as both come with many very ethically troubling issues.

Farmed aquatic animals are excluded from many animal welfare protections including at killing, where the mandatory CCTV legislation for slaughterhouses does not require CCTV to be installed in farmed fish slaughter premises.

Soil Association organic fish and aquaculture standards, which are considered to be high welfare standards, do not include mandatory parameters for transporting and killing aquatic species, only recommendations. Despite the vast numbers of animals killed, research on reliable and efficient killing methods for fishes as well as other aquatic species is still under development.  

Although left in peace for more time, the way in which wild caught animals are commercially extracted, captured, and killed, in the words of one researcher, involves suffering in a “vast range of violent and painful ways”. Capture, crowding, removal from water, and crushing is an acutely stressful chain of events for wild fishes. Some of the most commonly used methods of killing include mass death through suffocation on ice or in air.

To find out more, the fishcount website and the Human Slaughter Association’s website have useful resources about some of the issues faced by fishes, and what better standards look like. Compassion in World Farming also has several information sheets about some of the main welfare challenges to wild caught and farmed species.

Read about issues facing workers in the fishing supply chain in the cat food guide.

Insects in dog food

Yora, Beco and Lovebug (Mars - cat food) use insects in some of their food. Other insect-based brands we didn’t cover are also on the UK market, including Mr Bug and Grub Club. Insects are being touted as an environmentally friendly solution for dog and cat food (and for other animal feed) – but what do we really know about how these new farming systems affect insects?

Currently, insects are not considered animals under law, so have no legal protections. As such, many invasive procedures can be done on them, with no regard for their welfare. Despite this, there is a growing body of evidence that certain insects feel pain and have sophisticated cognition, summarised in a recent review concerning insect sentience. Books such as The Mind of a Bee by Lars Chittka, Professor of Sensory and Behavioural Ecology, highlight how size doesnʼt matter when it comes to sentience and the ability to suffer.

On its website, Yora says about its insect supplier: “they truly care about the welfare of their bugs, ensuring that they are the highest welfare livestock on the planet.” But it’s not clear what this actually means, and there’s no data to back up its claim.

Can intensive insect farming ever be ethical?

Some might dismiss insect farming as being the least of the world’s concerns. But insect farming seems to be following a long tradition in intensive animal farming of doing first, making profit, then worrying about the potential animal welfare consequences later. See the plans for the world’s first octopus farm from Nueva Pescanova, despite grave concerns on both animal welfare and animal rights grounds.

When evidence is still in the process of being collected, it can’t be fully understood how a farming system affects insects, so claims about high welfare cannot be made. When basic protections, such as those at slaughter, do not yet even exist for certain species, it should be questioned whether a farming system which breeds, raises and kills such animals in their millions can ever be ethical.

Other ethical and sustainable dog food issues

Organic dog food

The only nearly 100% organic company was Yarrah, with the exception of its fish which was MSC certified. In a response to Ethical Consumer in 2019, it explained why its fish was not organic:

“Organic fish has to be fed with sustainably caught, non-organic fish. Around 3-4 kg of sustainable fish is needed to raise 1 kg of organic fish” and “A few of our products contain salmon. Salmon is a fish that swims solo in the wild. Organic salmon have to be forced to swim in shoals”. 

Other brands in our guide offering an organic product are Benevo and Lily’s Kitchen - the latter is owned by Nestlé.

Palm oil-free dog food

Only one company, Yora, had an explicit company-wide no palm oil policy on its website.

Although not on its website, when asked by Ethical Consumer, Scrumbles did not use palm oil.
Companies with no explicit policy but ingredients were viewed and no palm oil was found: Ami, Beco, Dogmates (Butternut Box), Inspired Pet Nutrition (Wagg, AATU, Harringtons, Barking Heads), MPM Products (Applaws, Encore), Pooch & Mutt,  Power Pet Brands (Hownd), Vegeco (Benevo, V-dog), Yarrah.
Companies receiving worst palm oil rating: Nestlé, Colgate-Palmolive.

Animal testing and dog food

Companies will conduct taste tests of their products on animals, however, some companies do this using captive animals kept in laboratories.

PETA has a list of companies that have signed a statement of assurance which guarantees it does not test on captive animals during the development, manufacturing, testing or marketing of its products.

Companies on PETA’s non-animal tested companion animal food list or those with PETA certification included: Ami, Beco, MPM Products (Applaws, Encore), Pooch & Mutt, Power Pet Brands (Hownd), Scrumbles, Vegeco (Benevo, V-dog), Yarrah.

Brands on the PETA list (but did not apply to the whole company): Barking Heads, Lily’s Kitchen (Nestlé),

Information wasn’t clear if captive animals were used for taste testing: Dogmates (Butternut Box)

Worst animal testing rating: Spectrum Brands (Iams, Eukanuba, Wafcol), Colgate-Palmolive (Hill's), Nestlé (Winalot, Bakers, Purina), Mars (Cesar, Chappie, James Wellbeloved, Pedigree, Royal Canin).

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GMO-free dog food

GMO stands for genetically modified organisms, which is commonly found is non-organic farming. GMOs are a source of controversy, as animals and plants can be genetically modified with genes either removed or inserted. If not in ingredients directly, most non-organic farmed animals will be fed on corn and soya which is likely to be genetically modified.  

Company wide, publicly available explicit policy prohibiting the use of GMO: Ami.

No policy, but vegan or organic company with ingredients unlikely to be GMO: Power Pet Brands (Hownd),.Vegeco (Benevo, V-dog), Yarrah.

Companies that previously told EC in 2019 were GMO free, but did not respond in 2023: Yora, Beco.

Companies without explicit policies or not tracking GMO in animal feed: Colgate Palmolive, Inspired Pet Nutrition (Wagg, Harrington’s, AATU, Barking Heads), MPM Products (Applaws, Encore), Pooch & Mutt, Scrumbles, Spectrum Brands (Iams, Eukanuba, Wafcol), Mars (Cesar, Chappie, James Wellbeloved, Pedigree, Royal Canin).
Companies found to use GMO products: Nestlé (Winalot, Bakers, Purina).

Make your own

Although it can be done, it can be difficult to include all the nutrients required if you exclusively make dog food at home. However, there has been a rising trend of making supplementary food and treats. One of the drivers of this is having control over ingredients. Making your own supplementary treats can be great in terms of saving on packaging, too, if you have the time and are able to.

Easy three ingredient vegan dog treat recipe

  • 2 cups (180g) oat flour
  • ½ cup (125g) xylitol-free peanut butter
  • ½ cup (100g) cooked sweet potato

You can play around with the quantities until you have a consistency you like. Bake at 200°C for approximately 10 minutes, or maybe a little longer.

Tips: You can put regular oats into a food processor to make oat flour, sweet potato can be substituted with grated carrot or apple for variety, and choose organic ingredients if you’re able to. Suitable for freezing.

Does ethical dog food cost more?

We looked at a range of brands at the top, middle, and bottom of our table to compare prices. Some of the brands operate mainly online and offer discounts for subscriptions, so we have included this information too. Prices vary depending on where you look, so we have looked at the prices listed on the brand websites if they sell directly from it. All prices are of the largest bag of dry food offered divided into price per kg. Listed A to Z.

Dog food brands and price per kg
Dog food brands Cost (kg) Discount available for subscription?
Ami (vegan) £5.08 none found
Bakers (Nestle) £2.62 none found
Barking Heads  £6.94 yes - 15% off
Beco £7.17 yes - 10% off
Benevo (organic, vegan) £6.80 yes 10% off
Butternut Box £5.50 * 25% off first 2 orders
Hownd (vegan) £6.60 yes - 20% off
Pedigree (Mars) £3.37 none found
Pooch & Mutt £5.99 yes - 25% off
Yarrah (organic, vegan) £6.08 none found

*With discount applied for first order. Information based on a 14kg whippet, its packages are personalised so prices will vary. Price given for 14 x 300g pouches.

Person holding dried dog biscuits in hand with brown paper bag on table
Image: Pixabay

Packaging and sustainability

Plastic waste from single-use plastic and non-recyclable materials heavily pollutes communities and the environment. The majority being discarded and incinerated, fuelling inequalities across the globe, with high-consuming countries dumping their waste in low-income countries.

Avoid brands that use plastic single-use pouches or other non-recyclable materials. Also even if the package says it is recyclable, check where you will be able to recycle – some packaging materials are only recycled at places like supermarkets or with your local council.

What did companies say about their packaging?

Not all of the companies mentioned their packaging. We included information we could find below:

As of 2021, Yarrah’s bags are fully recyclable, albeit made from plastic. It still uses individual food pouches which aren’t yet fully recyclable.

Inspired Pet Nutrition (Wagg, Harringtons, AATU, and Barking Heads) says that all of its packaging is 98% recyclable and it's working towards 100%.

Pooch & Mutt have pledged that all of its packaging will be recyclable by 2025. Its wet food comes in 100% recyclable TetraPaks.

Scrumbles said it planned to reduce the amount of packaging for its products by 33% in 2022 (it didn’t give an update on whether it met this) and that its treat range packaging is 100% recyclable. In 2023, it aims to have 100% recyclable cat food tins, though current progress with this is unknown.

Mars (Cesar, Chappie, James Wellbeloved, Pedigree, Royal Canin) has the aim of using 100% recyclable packaging by 2025.

In 2022, Purina (of Nestlé) launched its first “designed to be recyclable” pouch ranges in the UK, and it promised to introduce reusable or recyclable packaging by 2025. It wasn’t clear how much would be recyclable, or “reusable”, nor what “reusable” even means.

Butternut Box has information on its website about how to recycle its packaging, with different instructions for different components. It uses a mixture of paper, soft plastic, non-recyclable pouches, and wool for insulating its food.

Beco also has information on how to recycle its packaging on its website. Its packaging of dry food is 85% paper and 15% polylactide (PLA). It says that its paper is compostable, and PLA is industrially compostable through your local council (if they offer industrial composting, such as for food waste collection). Beco says that its bag is certified for recycling through schemes such as Terracycle.

Avoiding plastic with DIY food puzzles  

Just like us and many other animals, dogs need daily mental stimulation and to have challenges as well as physical exercise. Small bits of food can be used creatively in DIY puzzles with everyday items in your recycling, avoiding the need for buying plastic ones found in pet shops.

Some favourites include:

  • Hiding small bits of food in corners and underneath objects around the house and asking them to ‘find’. This can also be done in a garden.
  • Holding on to the packaging of your next cardboard delivery: Take a cardboard box, wrap small bits of food or treats in bits of old paper, and put it all back in the box along with other paper wrappings/cardboard bits of choice to smell out and find the rewards.
  • Positive reinforcement training and food rewards: Training is mentally engaging and can also be fun and good for bonding – you can teach an old dog new tricks.

For more ideas, Four Paws has an online guide to making your own snuffle mat from unwanted or leftover materials.

Are raw meat diets ethical?

There is a desire to feed what is perceived as ‘natural’, and marketing from raw meat companies is strong, with many positive reviews for products. What we’d say to this is not to take advice from a for-profit company whose interest is to sell things to you (which, of course, applies across the board).

In the UK, 7% of dogs are fed a raw meat diet, with 5% fed commercially prepared raw meat and 2% given a homemade raw meat diet, equating to 790,000 dogs.

One study which surveyed guardians feeding raw meat to dogs found that the majority (94%) were unaware of any risks, and had turned to a more unconventional diet due to lack of trust in products.

There is a lack of evidence on nutritional benefits, despite guardians’ self reported observational benefits.

However, studies have found that feeding a raw meat diet can pose a health risk to both animals and guardians, with high levels of zoonotic bacteria and parasites present including E coli, Campylobacter, Salmonella, and Toxoplasma gondii.

As well as the above, there are also hygiene and contamination risks.

It’s worth noting that although the risk is higher in raw meat, there are also contamination and other microbial risks associated with commercial dry pet food, too. For dry food, appropriate storage in a cool, dry, dark place is important to minimise risks, and keep all food sealed in an airtight container.

Brown dog
Elsa, a lovely companion dog of one of our readers

To buy or not to buy (a dog)

As exciting as the addition of a dog to the family is, there are many considerations, questions, and research needed before thinking about whether adoption from a rescue charity or buying a young animal from a breeder is going to be the right thing, long-term, for both the animal and you.

In 2022, the RSPCA reported a 25% increase in the number of pets being abandoned in the UK, with an average of 3,000 every month or four abandoned every hour.

Fostering a dog from a rescue charity in your home can be a great way of not only providing a comfortable place for animals waiting to find their permanent homes, but also to understand whether the responsibility of caring for a dog is right for you.

As everything has moved online, it’s unsettling that living beings can be bought and sold like t-shirts, facilitating poor practices and those only looking to make a profit. Many charities, including the PDSA and Dogs Trust, provide a lot of information on their websites about adopting from a reputable charity or how to responsibly buy from a good breeder.

You can also find certified behaviourists on the Animal Behaviour & Training Council website.

Food banks for dog food

In 2022, the RSPCA found that 19% of people were concerned about the cost of feeding their pet. Due to changing life circumstances and the rising cost of living, some people have reported having to choose between feeding themselves, their dogs, or their children.

To either use or donate to a pet food bank, the RSPCA has a useful resource on its website to find your nearest pet food bank, as do the Blue Cross. You can donate items including tins, dried biscuits and treats, toys, beds and blankets. Some supermarkets also have pet food donation points either for local food banks or animal rescue charities.

This guide features in Ethical Consumer magazine 204.

An [O], [M], [A] or [S] in the score table after a brand name means the product has been awarded a sustainability point for being organic, MSC certified, approved vegetarian or vegan [A], or free range meat [S].


We are not nutritionists, so if you would like further information about the nutritional aspects of diet you should contact a nutrition specialist with scientific training in animal science and nutrition.

Company Profile

Nestlé is a giant in the pet food market. Coming at the very bottom of our score table, we recommend avoiding brands owned by Nestlé. For dog food these are Bakers, Purina, Winalot, and Adventuros and Bonio treats.

Disappointingly, organic Lily’s Kitchen was bought by Nestlé in 2020, which is why its scores have changed so dramatically since the last time we reviewed dog food.

Nestlé was named in a 2023 investigation as buying meat from companies that were responsible for systematic deforestation in the Brazilian Amazon for beef production, with over 800 million trees cut in the last six years in the region.

Nestlé has repeatedly been named one of the world’s largest plastic polluters year after year, as well as receiving criticism for its appalling human rights record across the globe, as has been the subject of boycott calls around the world since the 1970s, including for its irresponsible marketing of baby milk formula.

Want to know more?

If you want to find out detailed information about a company and more about its ethical rating, then click on a brand name in the Score table. 

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