Make-Up

In this guide we investigate, score and rank the ethical and environmental record of 33 brands of make-up

We also look at toxic chemicals, animal testing, shine a spotlight on the ethics of L'Oreal and give our recommended buys. 

About Ethical Consumer

This is a product guide from Ethical Consumer, the UK's leading alternative consumer organisation. Since 1989 we've been researching and recording the social and environmental records of companies, and making the results available to you in a simple format.

What to buy

What to look for when buying make-up:

  • Is it cruelty-free and vegan? 80% of the world still permits animal testing for cosmetics, although it is banned in the UK. The Cruelty-Free logo guarantees that the company is not animal testing anywhere in the world. Plus, there are many brands of make-up that do not contain any animal ingredients.

  • Is it organic? Looking for organic is a fail-safe way to avoid most of the nasty, artificial chemicals that are in so many products. And thereby help the environment as well as yourself.

  • Is it Fairtrade? Cosmetics use many agricultural products, which are often grown by overworked and underpaid labourers. Look for Fairtrade products to guarantee that the growers involved in producing your make-up are paid a fair amount.

Best Buys

Our best buy brands are certified organic and offer vegan options:

What not to buy

What to avoid when buying make-up

  • Does it contain palm oil? At its most unsustainable, palm oil is linked to massive deforestation and serious violations of human rights. Look for brands that commit to sourcing palm oil sustainably.

  • Does it contain toxics? The long and complex ingredients lists of make-up products often include toxic chemicals. These are bad for the environment as well as health.

  • Do you really need to buy make-up? Is the pressure of marketing and society’s expectations of women to look ‘good’ having an undue influence on your decision to wear make-up?

Companies to avoid

The following brands sit at the bottom of our ratings table and received a worst rating for animal testing:

  • Sleek
  • Soap & Glory
  • No7
  • Superdrug

Score table

Updated live from our research database

← Swipe left / right to view table contents →
Brand Score(out of 20)

Odylique Fairtrade lipstick [F,O,V]

Company Profile: Essential Care (Organics) Ltd
17.5

Odylique make-up [O,A]

Company Profile: Essential Care (Organics) Ltd
16.5

Neal's Yard make-up [O, A]

Company Profile: Neal's Yard Remedies
16

Neal's Yard make-up [O]

Company Profile: Neal's Yard Remedies
16

Green People make-up [O,A]

Company Profile: Green People Company Ltd
15.5

Green People make-up vegan [O,A]

Company Profile: Green People Company Ltd
15.5

NYX Make-Up

Company Profile: NYX Cosmetics
14

Dr Hauschka vegan make up [O,V]

Company Profile: Dr. Hauschka Skin Care, Inc.
13.5

Dr Hauschka make up [A,O]

Company Profile: Dr. Hauschka Skin Care, Inc.
13

Lush vegan make-up [A]

Company Profile: Lush Cosmetics Ltd
13

Lavera make-up (vegan) [O, A]

Company Profile: Laverana GmbH & Co KG
12

Pacifica make up [A]

Company Profile: Pacifica Beauty LLC
12

Lavera make-up [O]

Company Profile: Laverana GmbH & Co KG
11

Body Shop makeup

Company Profile: Body Shop International plc
10.5

Clarins make up

Company Profile: Clarins
8

Aveda cosmetics

Company Profile: Aveda
7

Avon make-up

Company Profile: Avon Products Inc
7

Clinique make-up

Company Profile: Clinique
7

Estée Lauder make-up

Company Profile: Estée Lauder Companies Inc
7

MAC make-up

Company Profile: MAC Cosmetics
7

Origins make-up

Company Profile: Origins Natural Resources Inc
7

Smashbox Make-up

Company Profile: Estée Lauder Companies Inc
7

Logona vegan make-up [A] [O]

Company Profile: Logocos Naturkosmetik AG
6

Almay make-up

Company Profile: Almay
5.5

Logona make-up [O]

Company Profile: Logocos Naturkosmetik AG
5.5

Revlon make-up

Company Profile: Revlon Inc
5.5

Sante vegan make-up [A] [O]

Company Profile: Sante Naturkosmetik
5.5

Boujois make up

Company Profile: Coty Inc
5

Cover Girl make-up

Company Profile: Coty Inc
5

Max Factor make-up

Company Profile: Coty Inc
5

Rimmel make-up

Company Profile: Coty Inc
5

Sally Hensen make-up

Company Profile: Coty Inc
5

Sante make-up [O]

Company Profile: Sante Naturkosmetik
5

Urban Decay make-up [A]

Company Profile: Urban Decay
5

L'Oréal make-up

Company Profile: L'Oréal
4.5

Lancôme makeup

Company Profile: Lancôme
4.5

Maybelline makeup

Company Profile: Maybelline New York
4.5

Yves Saint Laurent

Company Profile: Yves Saint Laurent Beauté
4.5

Benefit cosmetics

Company Profile: Benefit Cosmetics LLC
4

Superdrug B. make-up [A]

Company Profile: Superdrug Stores Plc
3.5

Superdrug make-up

Company Profile: Superdrug Stores Plc
3

No7 Make Up

Company Profile: Boots UK Ltd
2

Soap & Glory make up

Company Profile: Boots UK Ltd
2

Sleek MakeUP

Company Profile: Sleek Capital Limited
1

What is most important to you?

Animals
Environment
People
Politics
Product sustainability

Our Analysis

Make-up forms one part of the UK’s Cosmetic Personal Care market along with fragrances, skincare, haircare and toiletries. In 2015, the UK’s make-up market sales were estimated to be around £1.7 billion, with just four companies – L’Oréal, Boots, Estée Lauder and Coty – accounting for a 60% share of the market.[1]

This guide covers make-up brands which produce products for the face (e.g. foundation), eyes (e.g. mascara), and the lips (e.g. lipstick) and identifies which brands consumers might want to ditch and which they might want to support

Image: Make Up

Toxic chemicals ratings of make-up brands

No one likes the idea of putting harmful chemicals onto their face but that is the reality when applying many cosmetic products. The US Campaign for Safe Cosmetics pressures the cosmetics industry to make safer products. It lists 30 chemicals of concern which are commonly found in make-up including carcinogenic chemicals and lead.

At Ethical Consumer, we have rated all the make-up brands for their toxic chemicals policies. Those companies which received a best rating had a policy which has banned the use of parabens, phthalates and triclosan. 

As you can see from the table below, the majority of the brands viewed did not have a policy to ban any of the toxic chemicals.

Best Green People, Lavera, Odylique, Neal’s Yard, Pacifica
Middle

Body Shop (no phthalates / 80% paraben free), Dr Hauschka (no parabens), Logona (no parabens), Lush (no phthalates or triclosan), Origins (no parabens or phthalates)

Worst Almay, Aveda, Avon, Boujouis, Clarins, Cover Girl, Elizabeth Arden, Estée Lauder, Lancôme, L’Oréal, MAC, Maybelline, Max Factor, No7, NYX, Smashbox, Revlon, Rimmel, Sally Henson, Sleek, Soap and Glory, Superdrug B Make-up, Urban Decay, YSL

Natural and organic make-up

Given the lengthy list of unpleasant chemicals involved in creating your favourite foundation, it is no wonder that some companies have resorted to ‘greenwashing’ tactics to trick consumers into believing their products are natural.

There are several standards which can help guarantee that the products bought actually use natural and/or organic ingredients.

Logo: Soil Association

Soil Association – Make-up made by Odylique, Green People and Neal’s Yard are all certified organic by the Soil Association.

For cosmetic products to be certified organic by the UK’s Soil Association, 95% of all ingredients must be organic. 

Logo: BDIH

BDIH – Products made by Dr Hauschka, Logona and Sante have been certified by BDIH. 

BDIH is a German non-profit organisation which certifies natural cosmetics. BDIH certifies products which contain “Raw materials of plant origin originating from certified organic raw material”. It also bans the following substances from being used: organic-synthetic dyes; synthetic fragrances; ethoxylated raw materials; silicones; and paraffin and other petroleum derived products.

Logo: NATRUE

NATRUE – Products certified under this label are: Dr Hauschka, Logona, Sante and Lavera.

NATRUE is a Brussels-based international non-profit association committed to promoting and protecting Natural and Organic Cosmetics worldwide. The NATRUE label was launched in 2008 to help promote and protect products using natural ingredients. 

We discuss organic certifications in more detail in our feature on organic beauty brands. 

Animal testing by cosmetics brands

Although the testing of cosmetics on animals has been banned in the EU, this is not the case everywhere else in the world. But the REACH legislation has complicated the issue. 

Ethical Consumer rates all companies selling cosmetics on their animal testing policy. Companies will score a best rating if they have a policy not to test on animals, have a fixed cut-off date (a date after which none of their products or ingredients will have been tested on animals), and are not selling to markets where animal testing of products is required by law.

In this guide, Neal’s Yard, The Body Shop and Urban Decay are the only make-up companies certified under the Leaping Bunny scheme to not be testing on animals. Disappointingly, both Body Shop and Urban Decay are owned by cosmetics giant L’Oréal, a company which has not taken this stance itself. Only Neal’s Yard receives a Company Ethos mark due to the fact its whole company group is certified under the Leaping Bunny scheme.

Smashbox and NYX have been certified by PETA USA’s Beauty without Bunnies. This certification also includes a fixed cut-off date for ingredients. 

Ethical Consumer itself provides independent certification of Lush’s non-animal testing commitment (see also Ethical Consumer and Lush below)

Cruelty Free International explains how test bans are spreading around the world

Vegan and vegetarian make-up

Some products certified by the Vegan Society are: Lush and Lavera. 

Some products marketed as suitable for vegans are: Odylique, Green People, Neal’s Yard, Dr Hauschka, Urban Decay and Superdrug. 

All products by Pacifica are suitable for vegans.

All products by Lush, Neal’s Yard, Green People and Odylique are suitable for vegetarians.

Ethical Consumer and Lush Cosmetics fight animal testing

Governments around the world have been demanding increased safety testing of chemicals generally. This means that, for chemicals which appear not just in cosmetics, ongoing animal testing is still occurring.

Ethical Consumer has been working with Lush since 2012 on a joint project trying to address this problem. The annual Lush Prize rewards excellence in the fields of developing alternative safety tests, training scientists, and campaigning and lobbying for their use. Our work with Lush on this project, and our work on providing assurance of their own supply chains, mean we should formally declare an interest in this research.

Lush has also provided funding for our campaigning work against the badger cull, most recently manifested in our 2017 report on the National Farmers Union.

Logo: Lush Prize

Palm oil in make-up

Palm oil and palm oil derivatives have become an important component in many make-up products. In particular, it is used for its viscosity and as a skin conditioning agent.

Odylique is the only make-up brand in this report which is palm oil-free, while Dr Hauschka and Lush are the only other brands which score best for its palm oil policy.

Wearing make-up

In 2016, women can do whatever they like. It’s all about choice – including the choice of whether to wear make-up or not. However, given the pressure of marketing and society’s expectations of women to look ‘good’, it’s interesting to examine women’s relationship with make-up. 

Does make-up feel like a necessity or a fun optional extra?

We asked three young women about their relationship with make-up.

Emily Jackson, 18:

"I don’t think wearing make-up is necessary but to my age group it is almost a vital necessity to ‘fit in’. I barely know any teenage girls who don’t regularly apply a layer foundation and mascara for school – some more liberally than others.

I do tend to wear make-up every day except for rest days as I do suffer with ‘teenage skin’. It makes me feel a little more confident and does hide dark circles and blemishes fairly successfully! I tend to avoid ‘cheap’ products as often the quality of the products themselves isn’t so good. Because of my pale skin they can make me go a little orange! 

Marketing does try to capture the next ‘best thing’ so I do tend to try new, ‘better’ products each time as opposed to sticking to a regular brand. It is the desire to look the best and feel good about yourself that drives it, and often it feels like the cost is just something attached and that the ‘quality’ of the make-up technology is what counts – not whether it is natural or organic."

Anne Laure, 26:

"I tend to wear make-up everyday at work to give me confidence. When you work surrounded by men you realize the best way to be listened to (and then heard if you are lucky) is to first make sure people acknowledge the way you look, and in a good way. Wearing make-up permits me to achieve this kind of feeling by hiding what I don’t want to be shown and focussing on what you want people to see. Basically, I want people to look me in the eye, so I will make my eyes more noticeable. I wouldn’t say it is totally necessary but it helps my confidence. It wouldn’t shock me if others didn’t wear it.

My make-up habits change at the weekend for something more visual, with drawing and black line, and then it is more part of the clothes you are wearing, like an accessory. 

There seem to be two kinds of consumers: Those sensitive to special offers (e.g. ‘buy one get one free’) and those sensitive to health issues (e.g. ‘supplemented with vitamin E’). I would be more in the second category, ready to pay extra to gain something. Nowadays marketing is more and more clever, with marketing everywhere even where we least expect it."

Marnie Adamson, 16:

"I recognise that wearing make-up isn’t necessary and I have the utmost admiration for my friend’s little sister who wears no make-up – but at the same time, I feel more attractive when I wear make-up and that gives me confidence, which most of the time, I severely lack. I’d almost argue that lack of confidence can have much worse effects than wearing make-up every day.

I probably don’t worry about the ethics of my make-up as much as I should. I avoid products that have been tested on animals and my lip colours are from a collection that helps to fund AIDS and HIV treatment and research. My face wash, moisturiser and cleansing products are organic and from a company that seems like they would treat their workers well. I don’t knowingly buy fair-trade cosmetics but it would be nice to find out that they were.

It isn’t so much advertising that sells the product for me, but the reputation of the company. If a company has a reputation of making good quality make-up and cosmetics, then I tend to buy their products as I trust that what I’m putting on my skin isn’t harmful or loaded with unnatural chemicals.

I would agree with many others that there is a lot of pressure, from advertising and also from the sheer weight of numbers of women and girls who do use make-up in order to have ‘flawless skin’. For most, make-up is the way to achieve this.

On the other hand, I find putting make-up on fun. I guess it is still the little girl inside me. When my friends and I go to parties or to clubs, I enjoy going to their houses and getting dressed and doing make-up together. At that point, it’s not about making myself prettier or feeling pressure but simply having a good time with my friends. Would it still be a fun activity with my friends if we didn’t all feel the need to put make-up on in the first place?"

Company behind the brand

L’Oréal (whose brands include Garnier, Elvive, Maybelline and Ambre Solaire) is the world’s largest cosmetics company. It is part owned by Nestlé and part owned by Liliane Bettencourt, the daughter of the company’s founder and the 11th richest person on earth.

Over the past few years, L’Oréal has been at the centre of a high-level French political scandal over tax avoidance and alleged illegal donations to French conservative politicians who, it is claimed, were given envelopes stuffed with cash at the Bettencourt’s mansion.

Journalists reporting on the case said that they were intimidated, and that they suffered mysterious burglaries, with computers containing details of the case being stolen.

The police investigation is still ongoing. The affair has also brought up L’Oréal’s historical roots in French pro-Nazi groups.

In addition to its alleged donations to right wing politicians, L’Oréal is itself involved in right-wing political lobbying. In 2012, Jean-Paul Agon, the head of the company, was widely publicised as speaking vitriolically against François Hollande’s plan to introduce a 75% tax rate on earnings over €1 million (L’Oréal’s own CEO is currently paid €2,200,000 plus bonuses). The company is also a member of several free trade lobby groups and, in 2014, it spent $80,000 lobbying US politicians.

Want to know more?

If you want to find out detailed information about a company and more about its ethical rating, then click on a brand name in the Score table. 

This information is reserved for subscribers only. Don't miss out, become a subscriber today.

Start your 30 day trial today!

Ethics made easy - comprehensive, simple to use, transparent and reliable ethical rankings. Subscribe today for a wealth of data at your fingertips.

We will take payment when you order, but you can cancel by phone or email within 30 days for a full no-questions-asked refund!

Start your 30 day trial today!

References

  1. Mintel Report Colour Cosmetics UK July 2016