See our feature 'Is Soya Sustainable?' for more information on soya and deforestation.
All those who got our best rating for palm oil are palm oil-free. They either state it, or list the ingredients of their products on their websites, allowing us to check for any palm oil or anything that looked like a palm derivative.
No supermarkets are palm oil-free, although Iceland is working towards it with regard to their own-brand products.
Many of the companies in this area are too small to have subsidiaries in tax havens.
However, the following companies were given our worst rating for likely use of tax-avoidance strategies: Hain Celestial (Linda McCartney), Nestlé (Tivall), Unilever (the Vegetarian Butcher), Beyond Meat, Tesco, Sainsbury’s, Asda, Lidl, Waitrose, Morrisons and Marks and Spencer.
The following got our middle rating: Iceland (No Bull) and Aldi.
Vegan and vegetarian companies
The following companies get a positive Company Ethos mark for being entirely vegan: Taifun, Tofurky, Upton Naturals, VBites, Dragonfly, Beyond Meat and Fry’s.
The following are entirely vegetarian, and so avoid getting marked down for selling meat: Vivera, Wicken Fen, and Sojade.
Vegan brands are marked with [Vg] on the score table above. Those that are marketed as vegan get an extra half mark in the Product Sustainability column whilst those certified as vegan by the Vegan Society get an extra whole mark.