The Boycott, Divestment and Sanctions (BDS) movement states that JCB is complicit in human rights violations, including home demolitions and ethnic cleansing. JCB sells bulldozers to the Israeli state, which are reported to be used during the demolition of Palestinian’s homes. The BDS National Committee has called for the “naming and shaming” of JCB and other implicated corporations.
In December 2019, Lawyers for Palestinian Human Rights (LPHR) filed a complaint against JCB to the OECD. It stated that the company was involved in human rights breaches in the occupied Palestinian territories.
The report was said to identify 89 demolished homes, resulting in the displacement of 484 individuals. A school and water tanks were also said to have been demolished. The report called for JCB to immediately suspend the supply of products to Comasco (an Israeli company and exclusive dealer of JCB products in Israel).
Human rights organisations have condemned JCB’s involvement in illegal Israeli settlements, including Amnesty International.
Kate Allen, director fo the organisation, says,
“it’s finally time for JCB [...] to stop profiting from crimes against the Palestinian people”.]
Human rights globally
In addition to Israel, JCB has operations in several other countries Ethical Consumer considered to have Oppressive Regimes. These include Bangladesh, China, Egypt, Iraq, Mexico, Myanmar, Pakistan, Russia, Saudi Arabia and Turkey.
JCB has a track record for supplying armed forces according to its website. It claims to have supplied over 50 different armed forces with more than 3,500 JCB machines since 1984.
JCB has supplied over 50 different armed forces with more than 3,500 machines.
In July 2020, JCB secured a contract to supply a fleet of specialized high speed excavators in a deal worth up to £217m to the US Army and US Marine Corps. The armoured vehicles are designed to keep up with a military convoy.
In an interview with Scroll.in, a family in Jharkhan, India also stated that their home was "completely flattened" by JCB machinery, during an unlawful demolition. The family faced accusations of sedition by the Indian state for participating in the Pathalgadi movement, which Huffington Post India has described as a "movement against the government for their land rights” and a "popular indigenous tribal movement".